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Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 15;64(4):513-516. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw793.

Ebola Virus Persistence in Breast Milk After No Reported Illness: A Likely Source of Virus Transmission From Mother to Child.

Author information

1
INSERM U1219, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France.
2
Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France.
3
World Health Organization, Conakry, Guinea.
4
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
5
European Mobile Laboratory Consortium, Hamburg, Germany.
6
Ministry of Health, Conakry, Guinea.
7
Institute of Virology, Technische Universität München/Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich.
8
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.
9
Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Division of Veterinary Medicine, Langen, Germany.
10
National Institute for Infectious Diseases "L. Spallanzani", Rome, Italy.
11
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
12
Ratoma Ebola Diagnostic Center, Conakry, Guinea.
13
Institut Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal.
14
Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Laboratoire des Fièvres Hémorragiques en Guinée, Conakry, Guinea.
15
Public Health England, Porton Down, Salisbury.
16
University of Southampton, South General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom.
17
PAC-CI, ANRS Research Site, Treichville University Hospital, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
18
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
19
Institute of Microbiology and Infection, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

A 9-month-old infant died from Ebola virus (EBOV) disease with unknown epidemiological link. While her parents did not report previous illness, laboratory investigations revealed persisting EBOV RNA in the mother's breast milk and the father's seminal fluid. Genomic analysis strongly suggests EBOV transmission to the child through breastfeeding.

KEYWORDS:

Ebola virus; asymptomatic carriage; breast milk; mother-to-child transmission; real-time sequencing

PMID:
27940938
PMCID:
PMC5404930
DOI:
10.1093/cid/ciw793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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