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Environ Pollut. 2017 Feb;221:141-149. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.055. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Microplastics and mesoplastics in fish from coastal and fresh waters of China.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.
2
Division of Marine Chemistry, National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China. Electronic address: hhshi@des.ecnu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Plastic pollution is a growing global concern. In the present study, we investigated plastic pollution in 21 species of sea fish and 6 species of freshwater fish from China. All of the species were found to ingest micro- or mesoplastics. The average abundance of microplastics varied from 1.1 to 7.2 items by individual and 0.2-17.2 items by gram. The average abundance of mesoplastics varied from 0.2 to 3.0 items by individual and 0.1-3.9 items by gram. Microplastics were abundant in 26 species, accounting for 55.9-92.3% of the total number of plastics items in each species. Thamnaconus septentrionalis contained the highest abundance of microplastics (7.2 items/individual). The average abundance of plastics in sea benthopelagic fishes was significantly higher than in freshwater benthopelagic fishes by items/individual. The plastics were dominanted by fiber in shape, transparent in color and cellophane in composition. The proportion of plastics in the stomach to the intestines showed great variation in different species, ranging from 0.5 to 1.9 by items/individual. The stomach of Harpodon nehereus and intestines of Pampus cinereus contained the highest number of plastics, (3.3) and (2.7), respectively, by items/individual. Our results suggested that plastic pollution was widespread in the investigated fish species and showed higher abundance in comparison with worldwide studies. The ingestion of plastics in fish was closely related to the habitat and gastrointestinal tract structure. We highly recommend that the entire gastrointestinal tract and digestion process be used in future investigations of plastic pollution in fish.

KEYWORDS:

Fish; Ingestion; Marine debris; Mesoplastics; Microplastics

PMID:
27939629
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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