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PLoS One. 2016 Dec 9;11(12):e0167830. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167830. eCollection 2016.

Neighbourhood Poverty, Work Commitment and Unemployment in Early Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study into the Moderating Effect of Personality.

Author information

1
OTB-Research for the Built Environment, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
3
Research Centre Adolescent Development, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
4
Urban and Regional research centre Utrecht (URU), Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Abstract

We studied how personality moderates the effect of neighbourhood disadvantage on work commitment and unemployment in early adulthood. Using a personality typology of resilients, overcontrollers, and undercontrollers, we hypothesised that the association between neighbourhood poverty and both work commitment and unemployment would be stronger for overcontrollers and undercontrollers than for resilients. We used longitudinal data (N = 249) to test whether the length of exposure to neighbourhood poverty between age 16 and 21 predicts work commitment and unemployment at age 25. In line with our hypothesis, the findings showed that longer exposure was related to weaker work commitment among undercontrollers and overcontrollers and to higher unemployment among undercontrollers. Resilients' work commitment and unemployment were not predicted by neighbourhood poverty.

PMID:
27936132
PMCID:
PMC5148026
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0167830
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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