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J Mot Behav. 2017 Jul-Aug;49(4):458-466. doi: 10.1080/00222895.2016.1241744. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

Assessing Proprioception in Children: A Review.

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a Department of Occupational Therapy , Virginia Commonwealth University , Richmond , Virginia.


Proprioception is the subconscious and conscious awareness of the spatial and mechanical status of the musculoskeletal framework. When working with children with motor delays and sensory integrative dysfunction, occupational therapists routinely assess the client's proprioceptive system. However, currently available assessments for occupational therapists are primarily observer-based and concerns have been raised about the reliability of observer-based assessments of sensation. The author's purpose was to review measures of proprioception currently available to occupational therapists and explore direct measures of proprioception from neuroscience and rehabilitation that can be adapted for pediatric clinical use. Observer-based and direct measurements of proprioception assessments complement each other in meeting clinical needs. A better understanding of both types of evaluation will improve proprioceptive evaluation.


assessments; children's motor development; proprioception

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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