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ACS Nano. 2016 Dec 27;10(12):11525-11531. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6b07511. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

High-Efficiency Silicon/Organic Heterojunction Solar Cells with Improved Junction Quality and Interface Passivation.

Author information

1
Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Ningbo 315201, China.
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University , Stanford, California 94305, United States.

Abstract

Silicon/organic heterojunction solar cells (HSCs) based on conjugated polymers, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), and n-type silicon (n-Si) have attracted wide attention due to their potential advantages of high efficiency and low cost. However, the state-of-the-art efficiencies are still far from satisfactory due to the inferior junction quality. Here, facile treatments were applied by pretreating the n-Si wafer in tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) solution and using a capping copper iodide (CuI) layer on the PEDOT:PSS layer to achieve a high-quality Schottky junction. Detailed photoelectric characteristics indicated that the surface recombination was greatly suppressed after TMAH pretreatment, which increased the thickness of the interfacial oxide layer. Furthermore, the CuI capping layer induced a strong inversion layer near the n-Si surface, resulting in an excellent field effect passivation. With the collaborative improvements in the interface chemical and electrical passivation, a competitive open-circuit voltage of 0.656 V and a high fill factor of 78.1% were achieved, leading to a stable efficiency of over 14.3% for the planar n-Si/PEDOT:PSS HSCs. Our findings suggest promising strategies to further exploit the full voltage as well as efficiency potentials for Si/organic solar cells.

KEYWORDS:

CuI; Si/PEDOT:PSS; TMAH; hybrid solar cells; inversion layer; surface passivation

PMID:
27935280
DOI:
10.1021/acsnano.6b07511

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