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J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2017 Jan;43(1):78-86. doi: 10.1111/jog.13194. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

Effects of noise exposure on neonatal auditory brainstem response thresholds in pregnant guinea pigs at different gestational periods.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Prefecture General Medical Center, Nara, Japan.
3
Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science & Engineering, Area of Architecture and Production Design Engineering, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

Noise exposure during pregnancy has been reported to cause fetal hearing impairment. However, little is known about the effects of noise exposure during various gestational stages on postnatal hearing. In the present study, we investigated the effects of noise exposure on auditory brainstem response (ABR) at the early, mid-, and late gestational periods in newborn guinea pigs.

METHODS:

Pregnant guinea pigs were exposed to 4-kHz pure tone at a 120-dB sound pressure level for 4 h. We divided the animals into four groups as follows: the control, early gestational exposure, mid-gestational exposure, and late gestational exposure groups. ABR thresholds and latencies in newborns were recorded using 1-, 2-, and 4-kHz tone burst on postnatal days 1, 7, 14, and 28. Changes in ABR thresholds and latencies were measured between the 4 × 4 and 4 × 3 factorial groups mentioned above (gestational periods × postnatal days, gestational periods × frequencies).

RESULTS:

The thresholds were low in the order of control group < early gestational exposure group < mid-gestational exposure group and late gestational exposure group. Noise exposure during pregnancy influenced ABR thresholds in neonatal guinea pigs.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first study to show that noise exposure during the early, mid-, and late gestational periods significantly elevated ABR thresholds in neonatal guinea pigs.

KEYWORDS:

auditory brainstem response; fetus; gestational period; guinea pig; noise exposure

PMID:
27935161
DOI:
10.1111/jog.13194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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