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Nurs Forum. 2017 Oct;52(4):313-322. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12194. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

Team-Based Care: A Concept Analysis.

Author information

1
PhD candidate, Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Abstract

AIM:

The purpose of this concept analysis is to clarify and analyze the concept of team-based care in clinical practice.

BACKGROUND:

Team-based care has garnered attention as a way to enhance healthcare delivery and patient care related to quality and safety. However, there is no consensus on the concept of team-based care; as a result, the lack of common definition impedes further studies on team-based care.

METHODS:

This analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant's strategy. Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO, with a timeline from January 1985 to December 2015.

RESULTS:

The analysis demonstrates that the concept of team-based care has three core attributes: (a) interprofessional collaboration, (b) patient-centered approach, and (c) integrated care process. This is accomplished through understanding other team members' roles and responsibilities, a climate of mutual respect, and organizational support. Consequences of team-based care are identified with three aspects: (a) patient, (b) healthcare professional, and (c) healthcare organization.

CONCLUSION:

This concept analysis helps better understand the characteristics of team-based care in the clinical practice as well as promote the development of a theoretical definition of team-based care.

KEYWORDS:

Collaboration; concept analysis; healthcare team; team-based care

PMID:
27935047
DOI:
10.1111/nuf.12194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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