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Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Feb;62(2):502-509. doi: 10.1007/s10620-016-4389-6. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Telephone-Based Mindfulness Therapy Intervention for Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Stanford Hospital, Stanford, CA, USA. vickiea@stanford.edu.
2
Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford Hospital, Stanford, CA, USA.
3
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.
4
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, MA, USA.
5
Center for Integrative Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
6
Department of Medicine, Stanford Hospital, Stanford, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have substantially impaired quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. Mindfulness therapy is a form of treatment that has been shown to be beneficial in many medical conditions but has not been evaluated in the CP patient population.

AIMS:

The aims of this study were (1) to test the feasibility and usability of a novel telephone-based mindfulness therapy service for patients with CP and (2) to determine whether there was any effect on CP quality of life.

METHODS:

We recruited ten patients with suspected or confirmed CP and five controls who were asked to utilize our telephone-based mindfulness therapy service daily for 28 days. Feasibility of the service was defined as the fraction of subjects with a ≥50% compliance rate. Usability was assessed using a System Usability Scale (SUS). QOL was evaluated using the SF-36 questionnaire and the Pancreatitis Quality of Life Instrument (PANQOLI). Paired t tests were used to compare the SF-36 and PANQOLI pre- and post-intervention.

RESULTS:

There was an overall compliance rate of 67%. The mean SUS score for all participants was 79.3, above the average published score of 68. Results showed a significant improvement in the SF-36 Mental Component Summary scores after 28 days of mindfulness therapy for patients with CP, t(9) = 2.48, p = 0.035. There was also a significant improvement in the mean total PANQOLI scores in CP patients, t(9) = 2.41, p = 0.04, most notably in the social domain.

CONCLUSION:

Our telephone-based mindfulness therapy service represents a feasible and easily usable treatment adjunct for patients with CP, which may provide benefit in QOL by improving mental health-related domains.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic pancreatitis; Mindfulness therapy; Mobile application; Quality of life

PMID:
27933469
DOI:
10.1007/s10620-016-4389-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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