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Springerplus. 2016 Nov 25;5(1):2011. doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-3688-x. eCollection 2016.

Nonstrict and individual enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in partial hepatectomy.

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Jinling Hospital, Research Institute of General Surgery, Nanjing University, School of Medicine, Nanjing, 210002 Jiangsu Province People's Republic of China.
General Surgery, General Hospital of Tisco Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 030008 Shanxi Province People's Republic of China.
Contributed equally



We aimed to evaluate postoperative recovery and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing partial hepatectomy managed with a nonstrict and individual enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program.


A retrospective analysis of 168 partial hepatectomy patients in our institution was included. The discharged day and the respective impact of element application throughout the duration were analyzed.


When all the required elements of ERAS were fully implemented, the median discharge day was 6. The more deviation occurred, the more delayed the patient discharged (P < 0.01). Preoperative ASA score, basic conditions of patients and ages were revealed closely associated with discharge day (P < 0.001). Without or an early removal of tubes and early oral feeding reduced hospital stay statistically (P < 0.01). Early discharge of patients (<3 days) did not show an increased complication incidence or readmission (P > 0.05).


Nonstrict and individual use of ERAS in partial hepatectomy reduced postoperative length of stay without increasing complication rate. Our study proposes a modulation of ERAS according to the needs and acceptance of patients. In a word, better optionally required rather than mandatorily meet.


Discharge; ERAS; Individual; Nonstrict

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