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J Child Neurol. 2017 Mar;32(4):356-359. doi: 10.1177/0883073816681352. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

How Much Cerebrospinal Fluid Should We Remove Prior to Measuring a Closing Pressure?

Author information

1
1 Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to identify a relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume removal and change in CSF pressure in children with suspected idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional study of children 22 years and younger who underwent a lumbar puncture (LP) and had a documented opening pressure, closing pressure, and volume removed. Relationship between volume removal and pressure change was determined using a fractional polynomial regression procedure.

RESULTS:

In the 297 patients who met the inclusion criteria, CSF pressure decreased by 1 cm H2O for every 0.91 mL of CSF removed if the maximum change in pressure was less than 15 cm H2O ( R2 = 0.38).

CONCLUSION:

A linear relationship exists between the volume of CSF removed and the amount of pressure relieved when the desired pressure change is less than 15 cm H2O.

KEYWORDS:

idiopathic intracranial hypertension; lumbar puncture; pseudotumor cerebri

PMID:
27932598
DOI:
10.1177/0883073816681352
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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