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Eur J Orthod. 2017 Oct 1;39(5):482-488. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjw078.

Dentoskeletal effects of oral appliance wear in obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring patients.

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Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Bologna.
Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Science, Section of Orthodontics, University of Naples 'Federico II'.
Department of Surgery, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy.



To evaluate the dentoskeletal changes associated with long-term and continuous mandibular advancement device (MAD) use in sleep-related breathing disorder patients.


Cephalometric measurements and three-dimensional model analysis were performed at baseline and after 3.5 ± 1.1 years in 20 snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea patients treated with the Silensor® appliance. Intra-group differences were compared using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test. A regression analysis was performed for variables that showed a statistically significant difference between time points to evaluate the influence of treatment time and patient's initial characteristics on their variations. The statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.


At cephalometric assessment, the maxilla revealed a significant decrease in horizontal position (SNA: -0.4 ± 0.72 degree, P = 0.021) and a significant retroclination of the upper incisor (-1.59 ± 1.07 degree, P < 0.001), while the mandible displayed a significant downward rotation (0.88 ± 1.28 degree, P = 0.006) and a proclination of the lower incisor (2.27 ± 1.38 degree, P < 0.001). Model analysis showed a decrease in upper total space discrepancy (-0.66 ± 0.72 mm, P < 0.002), overjet (OJ; -0.34 ± 0.47 mm, P < 0.011), and overbite (-0.4 ± 0.52 mm, P < 0.004). In the regression analysis, treatment time influenced the lower incisor inclination (Beta = -0.713, P = 0.018) and OJ (Beta = -0.218, P = 0.018); patients' initial characteristics had an effect on OJ (Beta = -0.195, P = 0.011).


A larger sample size could increase the generalizability of the findings.


MAD wear after a mean of 3.5 years determines statistically significant but clinically irrelevant dentoskeletal changes. Their potential occurrence should be thoroughly discussed with patients; regular follow-up visits by a specialist experienced in dental sleep medicine are also mandatory during treatment in addition to polysomnographic examinations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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