Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2016 Oct;30(5):735-748. doi: 10.1016/j.bpg.2016.09.010. Epub 2016 Sep 14.

Complications of endoscopic resection techniques for upper GI tract lesions.

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Department, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto, Porto, Portugal; CINTESIS - Center for Health Technology and Services Research, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: diogolibaniomonteiro@gmail.com.
2
Gastroenterology Department, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto, Porto, Portugal; CINTESIS - Center for Health Technology and Services Research, Porto, Portugal; CIDES-FMUP - Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Abstract

Adverse events can occur during and after the endoscopic resection of upper gastrointestinal lesions. Their incidence can be minimized through the adoption of preventive measures and their final outcomes can be optimized through prompt identification and adequate treatment. In this evidence-based review we describe the risk factors for adverse events, preventive measures to avoid them and their management when they occur. Algorithms of action are also provided. Oesophageal strictures can be prevented with corticosteroids (either locally injected or systemically administered) and treated with endoscopic dilatation. Bleeding can be minimized through the adoption of prophylactic coagulation and novel preventive measures are emerging and being evaluated. Bleeding management includes coagulation therapy, clips and haemostatic powders. Perforations can nowadays be successfully treated endoscopically in the majority of the cases and conservative treatment is associated with favourable outcomes although optimal management is unclear.

KEYWORDS:

Adverse events (AEs); Bleeding; Complications; Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR); Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD); Endoscopy; Haemorrhage; Perforation

PMID:
27931633
DOI:
10.1016/j.bpg.2016.09.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center