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  • PMID: 27931509 was deleted because it is a duplicate of PMID: 27075964
Cell Transplant. 2016 Nov;25(11):1987-2001. doi: 10.3727/096368916X691448.

Transplantation of Human Urine-Derived Stem Cells Transfected with Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor to Protect Erectile Function in a Rat Model of Cavernous Nerve Injury.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.
2
Reproductive Medicine Research Center, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.
3
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.
4
Wake Forest Institute of Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC, USA.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether intracavernous injection of urine-derived stem cells (USCs) or USCs genetically modified with pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) could protect the erectile function and cavernous structure in a bilateral cavernous nerve injury-induced erectile dysfunction (CNIED) rat model. USCs were cultured from the urine of six healthy male donors. Seventy-five rats were randomly divided into five groups ( n = 15 per group): sham, bilateral cavernous nerve (CN) crush injury (BCNI), USC, USCGFP+, and USCGFP/PEDF+ groups. The sham group received only laparotomy without CN crush injury and intracavernous injection with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). All of the other groups were subjected to BCNI and intracavernous injection with PBS, USCs, USCsGFP+, or USCsGFP/PEDF+, respectively. The total intracavernous pressure (ICP) and the ratio of ICP to mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP) were recorded. The penile dorsal nerves, the endothelium, and the smooth muscle were assessed within the penile tissue. The USC and USCGFP/PEDF+ groups displayed more significantly enhanced ICP and ICP/MAP ratio ( p < 0.05) 28 days after cell transplantation. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protection of erectile function and the cavernous structure by USCsGFP/PEDF+ was associated with an increased number of nNOS-positive fibers within the penile dorsal nerves, improved expression of endothelial markers (CD31 and eNOS) and a smooth muscle marker (smoothelin), an enhanced smooth muscle to collagen ratio, decreased expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and decreased cell apoptosis in the cavernous tissue. The paracrine effect of USCs and USCsGFP/PEDF+ prevented the destruction of erectile function and the cavernous structure in the CNIED rat model by nerve protection, thereby improving endothelial cell function, increasing the smooth muscle content, and decreasing fibrosis and cell apoptosis in the cavernous tissue.

KEYWORDS:

Cavernous never injury; Erectile dysfunction (ED); Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF); Urine-derived stem cells (USCs)

PMID:
27075964
DOI:
10.3727/096368916X691448
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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