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Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2018 Jan;29(1):56-61. doi: 10.1080/24701394.2016.1238901. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Balkan brachicerous cattle - the first domesticated cattle in Europe.

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a Department of Animal Diversity and Resources , Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , Sofia , Bulgaria.
b Palaeontology and Mineralogy Department , National Museum of Natural History Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , Sofia , Bulgaria.


The present study aimed to compare mitochondrial diversity among Balkan Neolithic/Chalcolithic cattle and present day Shorthorn Rhodopean cattle (Busha) to throw a new insight into European cattle domestication. The results showed that both ancient- and present-day samples belonged to the macrohaplogroup T. From the 28 sequences (8 ancient and 20 modern), the T1 and T2 haplogroup represent about 3.6% (1/28; 1/28). The T3 haplogroup was with the highest frequency - 57% (16/28). Based on the SNPs on 16057A and 16133C, the new T6 haplogroup was proposed. This haplogroup represents 75% from the ancient and 20% from the present day Bulgarian brachicerous cattle population. The survey in GenBank data base did not find a similar motif, except for the recent Serbian Busha cattle. Overall, these results showed that: (i) The newly named T6 haplogroup is Balkan specific; (ii) The T6 haplogroup survives in present day Bulgarian rhodopean cattle; (iii) The Balkan brachicerous cattle is the oldest European cattle breed.


Shorthorn Rhodopean cattle; domestication; mitochondrial DNA

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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