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Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2017 Feb;14(1):55-64. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12186. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Psychosocial Adaptation and Depressive Manifestations in High-Risk Pregnant Women: Implications for Clinical Practice.

Author information

1
Research Assistant, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Department of Women's Health and Diseases Nursing, Istanbul University, Sisli, Istanbul, Turkey.
2
Associate Professor, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Department of Women's Health and Diseases Nursing, Istanbul University, Sisli, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High-risk pregnancy research has focused primarily on psychological well-being.

AIMS:

The aim is to determine psychosocial adaptation and depression levels of pregnant women who were admitted to hospital with diagnosis of high-risk pregnancy.

METHODS:

This study was descriptive. Sampling was composed of 122 high-risk pregnant women who were hospitalized in the perinatology service of Istanbul University Medical School, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 1, 2014, and May 31, 2014, and met the study criteria. The Pregnant Introduction Form, Psychosocial Adjustment of Illness Scale-Self Report, and CES Depression Scale were used.

RESULTS:

Of high-risk pregnant women, 47% were found to have a poor level of psychosocial adaptation and 57% presented with depressive symptoms. There were statistically significant difference found between the levels of psychosocial adaptation and status of depressive manifestations. The difference between the average scores increased as the adaptation levels weaken and the pregnant women with a poor level of psychosocial adaptation showed more depressive manifestations.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study indicate that, depending on the high-risk pregnancy status, pregnant women experience difficulty in adaptation to their current status and pregnant women with a poor level of psychosocial adaptation showed more depressive manifestations.

LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION:

Nurses should deliver care in high-risk pregnancies with the awareness of physiological needs as well the psychosocial needs of pregnant women, and information meetings should be held in order to increase the psychosocial support of their families and decrease their tendency toward depression. Nursing initiatives should be developed with further studies for the psychosocial adaptation of high-risk pregnancy and reduction of the depressive manifestations.

KEYWORDS:

depression; high-risk pregnancies; nurse; psychosocial adaptation

PMID:
27930857
DOI:
10.1111/wvn.12186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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