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Gene. 1989 Aug 1;80(1):99-108.

Cloning of cDNAs encoding human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) and comparison with bovine IRBP sequences.

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  • 1Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


We have determined the sequence of the human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein mRNA from three separately isolated cDNAs. The sequence is 4.28 kb long and encodes a protein of 1247 amino acids (aa) including a putative signal peptide and propeptide. The sequence is shorter (by about 1.67 kb) than the bovine mRNA with the major difference in the lengths located in the 3'-untranslated region. We suggest that this resulted from an insertion in the bovine gene or a large deletion from the human gene. The insertion/deletion is flanked on either side by sequences that are similar in the bovine and human sequences. Like the bovine polypeptide, the deduced protein sequence from the human cDNA contains a fourfold repeat, with each repeat containing about 300 aa. Among the four repeats, the identity is about 30-40%. The identity between the complete bovine and human polypeptide sequences is 84%. The identity between the nucleotide sequences is 83% (excluding the major insertion/deletion). Comparison with the bovine gene indicates that the human sequence may lack about 5-10 bp at the 5' end of the cDNA; it, however, includes a poly(A) tail at the 3' end. Thus, the human sequence is virtually full length, is similar to the bovine sequence, and contains a striking fourfold repeat.

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