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J Infect Dis. 2016 Dec 15;214(12):1826-1830. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Prevalence of Antiretroviral Drug Resistance in Patients Who Are Not Responding to Protease Inhibitor-Based Treatment: Results From the First National Survey in South Africa.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology.
2
National Health Laboratory Services.
3
Division of Medical Virology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch.
4
Department of Medical Microbiology and Virology.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
6
Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand.
7
Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Massachusetts.

Abstract

Limited data exist on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) resistance in patients who are not responding to protease inhibitor (PI)-based regimens in resource-limited settings. This study assessed resistance profiles in adults across South Africa who were not responding to PI-based regimens. pol sequencing was undertaken and submitted to the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database. At least 1 major PI mutation was detected in 16.4% of 350 participants. A total of 53.4% showed intermediate resistance to darunavir/ritonavir, whereas high-level resistance was not observed. Only 5.2% and 32.8% of participants showed high-level and intermediate resistance to etravirine, respectively. Although the prevalence of major PI mutations was within previously reported ranges, most patients will likely experience virological suppression during receipt of currently available South African third-line regimens.

KEYWORDS:

HIV-1 antiretroviral drug resistance; PI-based treatment failure; South Africa

PMID:
27923946
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jiw491
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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