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Am J Epidemiol. 2017 Jan 1;185(1):1-4. doi: 10.1093/aje/kww130. Epub 2016 Dec 6.

Residential Proximity to Gasoline Stations and Risk of Childhood Leukemia.

Abstract

Significant elevations in the risk of childhood leukemia have been associated with environmental exposure to gasoline; aromatic hydrocarbons from refinery pollution, petroleum waste sites, and mobile sources (automobile exhaust); paints, paint products, and thinners; and secondary cigarette smoke in the home. These higher risks have also been associated with parental exposure to benzene, gasoline, motor vehicle-related jobs, painting, and rubber solvents. These exposures and jobs have 1 common chemical exposure-benzene, a recognized cause of acute leukemia in adults-and raise the question of whether children represent a subpopulation in which a higher risk of leukemia is associated with very low level exposure to environmental benzene.

KEYWORDS:

benzene; childhood leukemia; gasoline; gasoline stations; residential exposure

PMID:
27923798
PMCID:
PMC5962938
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kww130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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