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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 Oct;(247):163-7.

Prevention of thromboembolism following elective hip surgery. The value of regional anesthesia and graded compression stockings.

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Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


Ninety-eight patients scheduled for elective hip arthroplasty receiving either general or regional anesthesia and graded compression stockings as the only thromboprophylactic treatment were screened for postoperative deep-venous thrombosis with 99mTc-plasmin scintimetry. The diagnosis of deep-venous thrombosis was established by phlebography and the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by pulmonary perfusion and ventilation scintigraphy. Of 65 patients surgically treated under general anesthesia, 20 (31%) developed deep-venous thrombosis and six developed pulmonary embolism. Of 33 patients surgically treated using regional anesthesia, three (9%) developed deep-venous thrombosis and one developed a pulmonary embolus. The number of patients developing deep-venous thrombosis was significantly lower in the group receiving regional anesthesia compared with the group receiving general anesthesia. The results indicate the beneficial effects on the incidence of postoperative thromboembolic complications following elective hip surgery from the use of regional anesthesia and graded compression stockings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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