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Biochem Soc Trans. 2016 Oct 15;44(5):1417-1425.

Control of HIV-1 gene expression by SR proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, King's College London, London SE1 9RT, U.K.

Abstract

Cellular proteins are required for all steps of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gene expression including transcription, splicing, 3'-end formation/polyadenylation, nuclear export and translation. SR proteins are a family of cellular RNA-binding proteins that regulate and functionally integrate multiple steps of gene expression. Specific SR proteins are best characterised for regulating HIV-1 RNA splicing by binding specific locations in the viral RNA, though recently they have also been shown to control transcription, 3'-end formation, and translation. Due to their importance in regulating HIV-1 gene expression, SR proteins and their regulatory factors are potential antiviral drug targets.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; RNA metabolism; SR proteins; alternative splicing; eukaryotic gene expression

PMID:
27911724
DOI:
10.1042/BST20160113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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