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Oncotarget. 2017 Mar 21;8(12):19244-19254. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.13706.

MicroRNA-101 inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion of human glioblastoma by targeting SOX9.

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Department of Experimental Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, China.
Department of Orthopedics, Xi'an Children's Hospital, Xi'an 710003, China.
Department of Research Office, Cipher Ground, North Brunswick, NJ 08902, USA.
Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Department of Immunology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
Institute of Nano Biomedicine and Engineering, Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Information and Electronic Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.


Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary malignant tumors originating in the brain parenchyma. At present, GBM patients have a poor prognosis despite the continuous progress in therapeutic technologies including surgery, radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and chemotherapy. Recent studies revealed that miR-101 was remarkably down-regulated in kinds of human cancers and was associated with aggressive tumor cell proliferation and stem cell self-renewal. Data also showed that miR-101 was down-regulated in primary glioma samples and cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanism of the deregulation of miR-101 in glioma remained largely unknown. In this study, we found that miR-101 could inhibit the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells both in vitro and in vivo by directly targeting SOX9 [sex-determining region Y (SRY)-box9 protein]. Silencing of SOX9 exerted similar effects with miR-101 overexpression on glioma cells proliferation and invasion. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR and Western blotting analysis revealed a negative relationship between miR-101 and SOX9 in human glioma U251MG and U87MG cells, and the luciferase assay indicated that miR-101 altered SOX9 expression by directly targeting on 3'UTR. Taken together, our findings suggest that miR-101 regulates glioma proliferation, migration and invasion via directly down-regulating SOX9 both in vitro and in vivo, and miR-101 may be a potential therapeutic target for future glioma treatment.


MiR-101; SOX9; invasion; migration; proliferation

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