Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mindfulness (N Y). 2016;7(6):1289-1296. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Mindfulness and Self-compassion as Unique and Common Predictors of Affect in the General Population.

Author information

1
Department of Health Psychology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, De Brug FA12, Groningen, 9700 RB The Netherlands.
2
Department of Health Psychology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, De Brug FA12, Groningen, 9700 RB The Netherlands ; Department of Psychology, Health and Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Abstract

In contrast to the increased research interest in the benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion, relatively few studies have examined their unique and combined effects in predicting affect. This cross-sectional study examined the predictive value of mindfulness and self-compassion for depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect in a large representative sample of community adults (N = 1736). The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) was used as a measure of mindfulness and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) as a measure of self-compassion. Five FFMQ facets were explored: observe, describe, act with awareness, non-judgment, and non-reactivity. Two SCS facets were explored: its positive items (SCS Pos) and its negative items (SCS Neg). When simultaneously examining all seven facets of mindfulness and self-compassion, three of the five FFMQ facets and SCS Neg significantly predicted both depressive symptoms and negative affect, with SCS Neg and act with awareness being the strongest predictors. These findings suggest that a harsh attitude towards oneself and a lack of attention when acting have the greatest value in predicting the presence of psychological symptoms. With respect to positive affect, four of the five FFMQ facets (except non-judgment) were significant predictors, with no unique predictive value of the two SCS's facets, suggesting that mindfulness is a more important predictor of positive affect than self-compassion, as measured by the FFMQ and SCS.

KEYWORDS:

Depressive symptoms; Mindfulness; Negative affect; Positive affect; Self-compassion

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Ethical Statement This research was approved by the medical ethical committee of the University Medical Center of Groningen, The Netherlands. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center