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Bone Joint J. 2016 Dec;98-B(12):1597-1603.

Restoration of the centre of rotation in primary total hip arthroplasty: the influence of acetabular floor depth and reaming technique.

Author information

1
Bravis Hospital, Boerhaaveplein 1, 4624VT Bergen op Zoom, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIMS:

One goal of total hip arthroplasty is to restore normal hip anatomy. The aim of this study was to compare displacement of the centre of rotation (COR) using a standard reaming technique with a technique in which the acetabulum was reamed immediately peripherally and referenced off the rim.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In the first cohort the acetabulum was reamed to the floor followed by sequentially larger reamers. In the second cohort the acetabulum was only reamed peripherally, starting with a reamer the same size as the native femoral head. Anteroposterior pelvic radiographs were analysed for acetabular floor depth and vertical and horizontal position of the COR.

RESULTS:

Horizontally, the mean medial displacement of the COR was 0.8 mm (standard deviation (sd) 1.4) in the peripheral remaing group and 5.0 mm (sd 3.30) in the standard reaming group (p < 0.001). Vertically, the mean superior displacement of the COR was 0.7 mm (sd 1.3) in the peripheral reaming group and 3.7 mm (sd 2.6) in the standard reaming group (p < 0.001). In the standard reaming group, there was a strong correlation between the pre-operative acetabular floor depth and displacement of the COR (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Reaming the acetabulum to the floor can lead to significant displacement of the COR medially and superiorly. This displacement is related to the pre-operative acetabular floor depth and cannot always be compensated by using a high offset stem. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1597-603.

KEYWORDS:

Acetabular offset; Centre of rotation; Component position; Reaming; Total hip arthroplasty

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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