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Antiviral Res. 2017 Mar;139:153-160. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.11.024. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Evaluation of two strains of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 for the development of recombinant vaccines against very virulent infectious bursal disease virus.

Author information

1
Avian Immunosuppressive Diseases Division, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150069, PR China.
2
Avian Immunosuppressive Diseases Division, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150069, PR China. Electronic address: xmw@hvri.ac.cn.

Abstract

Attenuated strains of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV1), and the closely related herpesvirus of turkeys, are among the most potent vectors for development of recombinant vaccines for poultry. To investigate the effects of MDV1 strain characteristics on the protective efficacy of the recombinant vaccines, we developed two recombinant MDV1 vaccines for expressing the VP2 gene of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) based on two different MDV1 strains, the attenuated strain 814 and the Meq gene-deleted recombinant MDV1 strain rLMS△Meq, as the viral vectors. The r814-VP2 virus based on the 814 strain exhibited higher replication efficiency in cell culture while lower viral titers in chickens, compared to rLMS△Meq-VP2 derived from the rLMS△Meq strain. Further studies indicated that r814-VP2 produced higher levels of VP2 protein in cells and elicited stronger immune responses against IBDV in chickens than rLMS△Meq-VP2. After IBDV challenge, rLMS△Meq-VP2 provided 50% protection against mortality, and the birds that survived developed bursal atrophy and gross lesions. In contrast, r814-VP2 conferred complete protection not only against development of clinical signs and mortality, but also against the formation of bursal lesions. The results indicate that different MDV1 vector influences the protective efficacy of recombinant MDV1 vaccines. The r814-VP2 has the potential to serve as a bivalent vaccine against two important lethal pathogens of chickens.

KEYWORDS:

Infectious bursal disease virus; MDV1 vaccine strains; Marek's disease virus; Protective efficacy; VP2 gene

PMID:
27908832
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.11.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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