Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(12):1869-1872. doi: 10.2174/1381612822666161201145648.

Levamisole: A Positive Allosteric Modulator for the α3β4 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Prevents Weight Gain in the CD-1 Mice on a High Fat Diet.

Author information

1
Department of Bioscience, College of Rural and Community Development, Room 116, Harper Building, 4280, Geist Road, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK. 99709-3419. United States.
2
Neurobiology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. United States.
3
Room 116, Harper Building, 4280, Geist Road, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK. 99709- 3419. United States.

Abstract

Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) regulate the function of multiple neurotransmitter pathways throughout the central nervous system. This includes nAChRs found on the proopiomelanocortin neurons in the hypothalamus. Activation of these nAChRs by nicotine causes a decrease in the consumption of food in rodents. This study tested the effect of subtype selective allosteric modulators for nAChRs on the body weight of CD-1 mice. Levamisole, an allosteric modulator for the α3β4 subtype of nAChRs, prevented weight gain in mice that were fed a high fat diet. PNU-120596 and desformylflustrabromine were observed to be selective PAMs for the α7 and α4β2 nAChR, respectively. Both of these compounds failed to prevent weight gain in the CD-1 mice. These results suggest that the modulation of hypothalamic α3β4 nAChRs is an important factor in regulating food intake, and the PAMs for these receptors need further investigation as potential therapeutic agents for controlling weight gain.

KEYWORDS:

Allosteric modulation; Body weight; High calorie diet; Levamisole; Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors; Positive allosteric modulators

PMID:
27908269
PMCID:
PMC5479751
DOI:
10.2174/1381612822666161201145648
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center