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Malar J. 2016 Dec 1;15(1):580.

Perceptions on the effect of small electric fans on comfort inside bed nets in southern Ghana: a qualitative study.

Author information

1
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstr. 57, 4002, Basel, Switzerland.
2
University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, 4003, Basel, Switzerland.
3
Center for Applied Malaria Research and Evaluation, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal St, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.
4
Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG581, Legon, Ghana.
5
National Malaria Control Programme, P.O. Box KB 493, Korle-bu, Accra, Ghana.
6
Green World Health Net, 307 Amherst Dr. SE, Albuquerque, NM, 87106, USA.
7
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstr. 57, 4002, Basel, Switzerland. constanze.pfeiffer@unibas.ch.
8
University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, 4003, Basel, Switzerland. constanze.pfeiffer@unibas.ch.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are known to be highly effective in reducing malaria transmission, morbidity and mortality. However, among those owning an LLIN, use rates are often suboptimal. A reported barrier to bed net use is discomfort due to heat. This qualitative study was part of a larger evaluation conducted in communities without electricity in rural Ghana to assess whether 0.8 W solar powered net fans can increase net use.

METHODS:

Twenty-three key informant interviews with household heads in the study communities in Shai-Osudoku District, southern Ghana, were conducted from July to August 2015. The purpose of the interviews was to obtain insight into perceptions of participants about the net fan system in relation to LLIN use.

RESULTS:

While all study participants reported using LLINs, with mosquito nuisance prevention as the prime motivation, heat was also mentioned as a key barrier to net use. Respondents appreciated the net fans because they improved comfort inside bed nets. The LED light on the fan stand became the main source of light at night and positively influenced the perception of the intervention as a whole.

CONCLUSION:

The general acceptance of the net fan system by the study participants highlights the potential of the intervention to improve comfort inside mosquito nets. This, therefore, has a potential to increase bed net use in areas with low access to electricity.

KEYWORDS:

Fan; Ghana; ITN; Key informant interviews; LED; LLIN; Malaria; Solar power

PMID:
27905928
PMCID:
PMC5134074
DOI:
10.1186/s12936-016-1614-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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