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Physiol Rep. 2016 Nov;4(21). pii: e13021. Epub 2016 Nov 15.

A pathogenic role for the integrin CD103 in experimental allergic airways disease.

Author information

1
Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, Australia.
2
Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
3
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.
4
School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
5
Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, Australia Deb.Strickland@telethonkids.org.au.

Abstract

The integrin CD103 is the αE chain of integrin αEβ7 that is important in the maintenance of intraepithelial lymphocytes and recruitment of T cells and dendritic cells (DC) to mucosal surfaces. The role of CD103 in intestinal immune homeostasis has been well described, however, its role in allergic airway inflammation is less well understood. In this study, we used an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced, CD103-knockout (KO) BALB/c mouse model of experimental allergic airways disease (EAAD) to investigate the role of CD103 in disease expression, CD4+ T-cell activation and DC activation and function in airways and lymph nodes. We found reduced airways hyper-responsiveness and eosinophil recruitment to airways after aerosol challenge of CD103 KO compared to wild-type (WT) mice, although CD103 KO mice showed enhanced serum OVA-specific IgE levels. Following aerosol challenge, total numbers of effector and regulatory CD4+ T-cell subsets were significantly increased in the airways of WT but not CD103 KO mice, as well as a lack of DC recruitment into the airways in the absence of CD103. While total airway DC numbers, and their in vivo allergen capture activity, were essentially normal in steady-state CD103 KO mice, migration of allergen-laden airway DC to draining lymph nodes was disrupted in the absence of CD103 at 24 h after aerosol challenge. These data support a role for CD103 in the pathogenesis of EAAD in BALB/c mice through local control of CD4+ T cell and DC subset recruitment to, and migration from, the airway mucosa during induction of allergic inflammation.

KEYWORDS:

Allergy; CD103; CD4 T cell; asthma; dendritic cell

PMID:
27905296
PMCID:
PMC5112499
DOI:
10.14814/phy2.13021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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