Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2016 Nov 28;24:e2834. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.1614.2834.

Massage and Reiki used to reduce stress and anxiety: Randomized Clinical Trial.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish; Abstract available in Portuguese and Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Post-doctoral fellow, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Scholarship holder at Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Brazil.
2
PhD, Full Professor, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
3
Doctoral student, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
4
Master's student, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
5
Master's student, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
6
Architect.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese, Spanish

Objective:

to evaluate the effectiveness of massage and reiki in the reduction of stress and anxiety in clients at the Institute for Integrated and Oriental Therapy in Sao Paulo (Brazil).

Method:

clinical tests randomly done in parallel with an initial sample of 122 people divided into three groups: Massage + Rest (G1), Massage + Reiki (G2) and a Control group without intervention (G3). The Stress Systems list and the Trace State Anxiety Inventory were used to evaluate the groups at the start and after 8 sessions (1 month), during 2015.

Results:

there were statistical differences (p = 0.000) according to the ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) for the stress amongst the groups 2 and 3 (p = 0.014) with a 33% reductions and a Cohen of 0.78. In relation to anxiety-state, there was a reduction in the intervention groups compared with the control group (p < 0.01) with a 21% reduction in group 2 (Cohen of 1.18) and a 16% reduction for group 1 (Cohen of 1.14).

Conclusion:

Massage + Reiki produced better results amongst the groups and the conclusion is for further studies to be done with the use of a placebo group to evaluate the impact of the technique separate from other techniques. RBR-42c8wp.

PMID:
27901219
PMCID:
PMC5172615
DOI:
10.1590/1518-8345.1614.2834
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Scientific Electronic Library Online Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center