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Biochemistry. 1989 Jul 25;28(15):6373-8.

Epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor alpha bind differently to the epidermal growth factor receptor.

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California.

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) compete with each other for binding to the EGF receptor. These two growth factors have similar actions, but there are distinguishable differences in their biological activities. It has never been clear how this one receptor can mediate different responses. A monoclonal antibody to the EGF receptor (13A9) has been identified which has only small effects on the binding of EGF to the EGF receptor, but which has very large effects on the binding of TGF alpha to the EGF receptor; 5 micrograms/mL antibody has been shown to totally block 0.87 microM TGF alpha from binding to purified EGF receptor and to lower both the high- and low-affinity binding constants of TGF alpha binding to EGF receptor on A431 cells by about 10-fold. The 13A9 antibody causes a 2.5-fold stimulation of the tyrosine kinase activity of partially purified EGF receptor, compared to a 4.0-fold stimulation of the tyrosine kinase activity by EGF under the same conditions. The data suggest either that the antibody stabilizes a conformation of the EGF receptor which is not favorable for TGF alpha binding or that it blocks a part of the surface of the receptor which is necessary for TGF alpha binding but not EGF binding.

PMID:
2790004
DOI:
10.1021/bi00441a033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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