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Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1526:65-85.

Structural and Functional Annotation of Long Noncoding RNAs.

Author information

1
RNA Biology and Plasticity Laboratory, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2010, Australia. m.smith@garvan.org.au.
2
St-Vincent's Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. m.smith@garvan.org.au.
3
RNA Biology and Plasticity Laboratory, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2010, Australia.
4
St-Vincent's Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Abstract

Protein-coding RNAs represent only a small fraction of the transcriptional output in higher eukaryotes. The remaining RNA species encompass a broad range of molecular functions and regulatory roles, a consequence of the structural polyvalence of RNA polymers. Albeit several classes of small noncoding RNAs are relatively well characterized, the accessibility of affordable high-throughput sequencing is generating a wealth of novel, unannotated transcripts, especially long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that are derived from genomic regions that are antisense, intronic, intergenic, and overlapping protein-coding loci. Parsing and characterizing the functions of noncoding RNAs-lncRNAs in particular-is one of the great challenges of modern genome biology. Here we discuss concepts and computational methods for the identification of structural domains in lncRNAs from genomic and transcriptomic data. In the first part, we briefly review how to identify RNA structural motifs in individual lncRNAs. In the second part, we describe how to leverage the evolutionary dynamics of structured RNAs in a computationally efficient screen to detect putative functional lncRNA motifs using comparative genomics.

KEYWORDS:

Comparative genomics; Functional genome annotation; Homology search; RNA secondary structure; lncRNA

PMID:
27896736
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4939-6613-4_4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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