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J Autoimmun. 1989 Aug;2(4):489-93.

Personality structure disturbances and psychiatric manifestations in primary Sjögren's syndrome.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Greece.


It has been recently suggested that primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients present with a variety of personality structure disturbances and psychiatric symptoms. To evaluate this finding further, we assessed hostility structure and psychiatric symptoms in 33 Sjögren's syndrome patients and compared the results with those of 33 healthy women, and 41 women with solid malignant tumors. The utilized psychometric instruments were the hostility and direction of hostility questionnaire (HDHQ) and the symptom checklist 90R (SCL-90R). High levels of introverted hostility were reported by SS patients in relation to the other two groups. Cancer and SS patients reported higher scores on anxiety and depressive symptoms compared to the healthy women, but the differences were not significant. In addition, high scores on paranoid ideation, somatization and obsessive compulsive symptoms were found in SS patients compared to the cancer and healthy controls. The results strongly suggest that psychiatric disorders are common in primary SS patients, who may need appropriate therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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