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Obstet Gynecol Sci. 2016 Nov;59(6):554-558. Epub 2016 Nov 15.

Uterine arteriovenous malformation with positive serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin: Embolization of both uterine arteries and extra-uterine feeding arteries.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Abstract

The incidence of uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare. However, it is clinically significant in that it can cause life-threatening vaginal bleeding. We report a case of a large uterine AVM with positive serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin. A presumptive diagnosis was made; a uterine AVM accompanied by, early pregnancy or retained product of conception. Because this uterine AVM was extensive, transcatheter arterial embolization of both uterine arteries and extra-uterine feeding arteries was performed. Three months after undergoing transcatheter arterial embolization, complete resolution of the uterine AVM was confirmed without major complication.

KEYWORDS:

Arteriovenous malformations; Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin; Transcatheter arterial embolization

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