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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2017 Apr 1;173(1-3):163-169. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncw334.

MASS MEDIA COMMUNICATION OF EMERGENCY ISSUES AND COUNTERMEASURES IN A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT: FUKUSHIMA REPORTING IN EUROPEAN NEWSPAPERS.

Author information

1
Energy Engineering Department, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006-Madrid, Spain.
2
Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano, Italy.
3
Centre for Environmental Radioactivity (CERAD), Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Universitetstunet 3, 1433 Ås, Norway.
4
Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK·CEN,Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium.
5
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a large study of 1340 articles published by two major newspapers in six European countries (Belgium, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Russia) in the first 2 months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The focus of the analysis is on the application and overall impact of protective actions, both during the emergency phase and later, how the newspapers describe those actions, which differences were apparent between countries and what recommendations can be extracted in order to improve general communication about these issues. A clear lesson is that, even under uncertainty and recognising limitations, responsible authorities need to provide transparent, clear and understandable information to the public and the mass media right from the beginning of the early phase of any nuclear emergency. Clear, concise messages should be given. Mass media could play a key role in reassuring the public if the countermeasures are clearly explained.

PMID:
27895097
DOI:
10.1093/rpd/ncw334
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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