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Radiology. 1989 Oct;173(1):27-31.

Pulmonary cystic disease: comparison of Pneumocystis carinii pneumatoceles and bullous emphysema due to intravenous drug abuse.

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1
Department of Radiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68105.

Abstract

A rare pulmonary manifestation of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or intravenous (IV) drug abuse is upper lobe cystic disease--pneumatoceles in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and bullous emphysema in IV drug abuse. Because these disorders overlap, the radiographic findings in 56 patients were compared. During a 12-month period, 16 patients less than 40 years of age were found to have bullous emphysema; the 10 who were IV drug abusers constituted group 1. In the same time period, 40 patients with PCP were encountered; the eight (20%) who had or developed pneumatoceles constituted group 2. In both groups, the conventional radiographic manifestations of upper lobe cystic disease were similar. Eight patients underwent computed tomography of the chest. In five patients with bullous disease, the distribution of the bullous lesions was peripheral, with sparing of the central portions of the lungs. In contrast, PCP pneumatoceles in three patients were dispersed throughout the lung parenchyma.

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