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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2017 Sep;64(9):2196-2205. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2631620. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Semi-supervised Stacked Label Consistent Autoencoder for Reconstruction and Analysis of Biomedical Signals.



An autoencoder-based framework that simultaneously reconstruct and classify biomedical signals is proposed. Previous work has treated reconstruction and classification as separate problems. This is the first study that proposes a combined framework to address the issue in a holistic fashion.


For telemonitoring purposes, reconstruction techniques of biomedical signals are largely based on compressed sensing (CS); these are "designed" techniques where the reconstruction formulation is based on some "assumption" regarding the signal. In this study, we propose a new paradigm for reconstruction-the reconstruction is "learned," using an autoencoder; it does not require any assumption regarding the signal as long as there is sufficiently large training data. But since the final goal is to analyze/classify the signal, the system can also learn a linear classification map that is added inside the autoencoder. The ensuing optimization problem is solved using the Split Bregman technique.


Experiments were carried out on reconstructing and classifying electrocardiogram (ECG) (arrhythmia classification) and EEG (seizure classification) signals.


Our proposed tool is capable of operating in a semi-supervised fashion. We show that our proposed method is better in reconstruction and more than an order magnitude faster than CS based methods; it is capable of real-time operation. Our method also yields better results than recently proposed classification methods.


This is the first study offering an alternative to CS-based reconstruction. It also shows that the representation learning approach can yield better results than traditional methods that use hand-crafted features for signal analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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