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J Hazard Mater. 2017 Feb 15;324(Pt B):753-761. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.11.054. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Selective removal of cesium by ammonium molybdophosphate - polyacrylonitrile bead and membrane.

Author information

1
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Graduate School of Life and Environmental Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan. Electronic address: ddh@njau.edu.cn.
2
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan.
3
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, China.
4
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address: ctm@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

The selective removal of radionuclides with extremely low concentrations from environmental medium remains a big challenge. Ammonium molybdophosphate possess considerable selectivity towards cesium ion (Cs+) due to the specific ion exchange between Cs+ and NH4+. Ammonium molybdophosphate - polyacrylonitrile (AMP-PAN) membrane was successfully prepared for the first time in this study. Efficient removal of Cs+ (95.7%, 94.1% and 91.3% of 1mgL-1) from solutions with high ionic strength (400mgL-1 of Na+, Ca2+ or K+) was achieved by AMP-PAN composite. Multilayer chemical adsorption process was testified through kinetic and isotherm studies. The estimated maximum adsorption capacities even reached 138.9±21.3mgg-1. Specifically, the liquid film diffusion was identified as the rate-limiting step throughout the removal process. Finally, AMP-PAN membrane could eliminate Cs+ from water effectively through the filtration adsorption process.

KEYWORDS:

Desorption; Kinetic; Liquid film diffusion; Moving boundary model; Radioactive contamination

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