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Hand Clin. 2017 Feb;33(1):81-96. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2016.08.012.

Hand and Wrist Injuries in Golfers and Their Treatment.

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W Institute for Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery, W Hospital, 1632 Dalgubeol-daero, Dalseo-Gu, Daegu 42642, Korea.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, 93, Changpo-gil, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, Jeollabuk-do 54896, Korea. Electronic address:
Comprehensive Hand Center, University of Michigan, North Campus Research Complex, 2800 Plymouth Road, Building 14 G200, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.


A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture. Prompt surgical resection is recommended to hasten return to sport and to prevent further complications.


De Quervain disease; Golf injury; Hook of hamate fracture; Pisiform ligament complex syndrome; Swing mechanism; Tendinopathy; Trigger finger

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