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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Nov 24;13(12). pii: E1175.

English Stop-Smoking Services: One-Year Outcomes.

Author information

Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.
Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6GG, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, City Hospital Campus, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK.
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies.
National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training (NCSCT), 1 Great Western Industrial Centre, Dorchester DT1 1RD, UK.


The UK is a global leader in stop-smoking support-providing free behavioral support and cessation medication via stop smoking services (SSS) without charge to smokers. This study aimed to explore the client and service characteristics associated with abstinence 52 weeks after quitting. A prospective cohort study of 3057 SSS clients in nine different areas of England who began their quit attempt between March 2012 and March 2013 was conducted. Important determinants of long-term quitting were assessed through quit rates and multivariable logistic regression. Our results showed that the overall weighted carbon monoxide validated quit rate for clients at 52 weeks was 7.7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 6.6-9.0). The clients of advisors, whose main role was providing stop-smoking support, were more likely to quit long-term than advisors who had a generalist role in pharmacies or general practices (odds ratio (OR) 2.3 (95% CI 1.2-4.6)). Clients were more likely to achieve abstinence through group support than one-to-one support (OR 3.4 (95% CI 1.7-6.7)). Overall, one in thirteen people who set a quit date with the National Health Service (NHS) Stop-Smoking Service maintain abstinence for a year. Improving abstinence is likely to require a greater emphasis on providing specialist smoking cessation support. Results from this study suggest that over 18,000 premature deaths were prevented through longer-term smoking cessation achieved by smokers who accessed SSS in England from March 2012 to April 2013, but outcomes varied by client characteristic and the type of support provided.


behavioural support; pharmacotherapy; smoking cessation; smoking cessation services; stop-smoking services

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

Hayden McRobbie has received investigator-led research funding and honoraria for speaking at educational meetings from Pfizer Inc. He has also received honoraria from Johnson and Johnson for speaking at educational meetings and an advisory board meeting. Andy McEwen has received travel funding, honorariums and consultancy payments from manufacturers of smoking cessation products (Pfizer Ltd., Novartis UK and GSK Consumer Healthcare Ltd.) and hospitality from North51 who provide online and database services. He also receives payment for providing training to smoking cessation specialists and receives royalties from books on smoking cessation. Andy McEwen is a trustee and board member of the charity Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) and an associate member of the New Nicotine Alliance (NNA). The other authors declare no conflict of interest. The funding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.

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