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AMA J Ethics. 2016 Nov 1;18(11):1086-1094. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2016.18.11.ecas3-1611.

Should Psychiatrists Prescribe Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy to Transgender Adolescents?

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First-year resident in the Massachusetts General Hospital/McLean Adult Psychiatry Residency Program in Boston.


Gender-affirming hormone therapy is a safe and effective way to improve quality of life and mental health outcomes for transgender adolescents. Access to this treatment is limited, with the most vulnerable transgender people experiencing the greatest gaps in care. Because some psychiatrists help transgender patients receive needed medical interventions, we analyze the ethical values they must balance when deciding whether to provide hormone therapy to patients who seek it.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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