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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017 Feb;49(2):117-124.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2016.10.004. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

Developing a Questionnaire to Evaluate College Students' Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, Self-efficacy, and Environmental Factors Related to Canned Foods.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. Electronic address: rickelle_richards@byu.edu.
2
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.
3
Department of Statistics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Develop a questionnaire to measure students' knowledge, attitude, behavior, self-efficacy, and environmental factors related to the use of canned foods.

METHODS:

The Knowledge-Attitude-Behavior Model, Social Cognitive Theory, and Canned Foods Alliance survey were used as frameworks for questionnaire development. Cognitive interviews were conducted with college students (n = 8). Nutrition and survey experts assessed content validity. Reliability was measured via Cronbach α and 2 rounds (1, n = 81; 2, n = 65) of test-retest statistics. Means and frequencies were used.

RESULTS:

The 65-item questionnaire had a test-retest reliability of .69. Cronbach α scores were .87 for knowledge (9 items), .86 for attitude (30 items), .80 for self-efficacy (12 items), .68 for canned foods use (8 items), and .30 for environment (6 items).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

A reliable questionnaire was developed to measure perceptions and use of canned foods. Nutrition educators may find this questionnaire useful to evaluate pretest-posttest changes from canned foods-based interventions among college students.

KEYWORDS:

Knowledge–Attitude–Behavior Model; Social Cognitive Theory; canned foods; college students; nutrition survey

PMID:
27876324
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2016.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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