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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Jan;95(1):84-92. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2016-0189. Epub 2016 Sep 2.

Chamomile and oregano extracts synergistically exhibit antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, and renal protective effects in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.

Author information

1
a Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.
2
b Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Egypt.
3
c Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Abstract

The bio-activities of separate Matricaria chamomilla (chamomile) and Origanum vulgare (oregano) are well studied; however, the combined effects of both natural products in animal diabetic models are not well characterized. In this study, alloxan-induced male albino rats were treated with single dose aqueous suspension of chamomile or oregano at dose level of either 150 or 300 mg/kg body mass or as equal parts as combination by stomach tube for 6 weeks. After treatment, blood samples were assessed for diabetic, renal, and lipid profiles. Insulin, amylase activity, and diabetic renal apoptosis were further evaluated. Treatment with higher dose of the extracts (300 mg/kg) as individual or as mixture of low doses (150 mg/kg of both the extracts) had significant mass gain, hypoglycemic effect (p ≤ 0.05) with decreased amylase activity and increased serum insulin levels. Restoration of renal profile, lipid profile with increase in HDL-c (p ≤ 0.05) along with reversal of pro-apoptotic Bax and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 were well observed with 300 mg/kg mixture, showing synergistic activity of the extracts compared with individual low dose of 150 mg/kg. Collectively, our results indicate that combination of chamomile and oregano extracts will form a new class of drugs to treat diabetic complications.

KEYWORDS:

HbA1C; Matricaria chamomilla; Origanum vulgare; diabetes mellitus; diabète sucré; insulin; insuline; lipid profile; profil lipidique; synergie; synergism

PMID:
27875075
DOI:
10.1139/cjpp-2016-0189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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