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Nat Commun. 2016 Nov 22;7:13505. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13505.

The Hippo signalling pathway coordinates organ growth and limits developmental variability by controlling dilp8 expression.

Author information

1
University Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Inserm, iBV, Nice 06100, France.

Abstract

Coordination of organ growth during development is required to generate fit individuals with fixed proportions. We recently identified Drosophila Dilp8 as a key hormone in coupling organ growth with animal maturation. In addition, dilp8 mutant flies exhibit elevated fluctuating asymmetry (FA) demonstrating a function for Dilp8 in ensuring developmental stability. The signals regulating Dilp8 activity during normal development are not yet known. Here, we show that the transcriptional co-activators of the Hippo (Hpo) pathway, Yorkie (Yki, YAP/TAZ) and its DNA-binding partner Scalloped (Sd), directly regulate dilp8 expression through a Hpo-responsive element (HRE) in the dilp8 promoter. We further demonstrate that mutation of the HRE by genome-editing results in animals with increased FA, thereby mimicking full dilp8 loss of function. Therefore, our results indicate that growth coordination of organs is connected to their growth status through a feedback loop involving Hpo and Dilp8 signalling pathways.

PMID:
27874005
PMCID:
PMC5121414
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms13505
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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