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Exp Cell Res. 1989 Jul;183(1):207-14.

Signal transduction via the beta 1 integrins is a required intermediate in interleukin-1 beta induction of alkaline phosphatase activity in human osteosarcoma cells.

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Department of Advanced Therapeutics, Cancer Control Agency of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


In this report data are presented which demonstrate that the induction of an osteoblastic phenotype by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) requires an intermediate step involving signal transduction via the beta 1 family of integrin glycoproteins. Recombinant human IL-1 beta inhibits human osteosarcoma cell proliferation, stimulates integrin expression, and induces alkaline phosphatase activity, a marker of osteoinductive and osteoblastic phenotype. The approximately 10-fold stimulation of expression of the beta 1 integrins occurs rapidly (within 20 to 40 h), whereas the alkaline phosphatase activity is not induced until at least 5 days after the addition of IL-1 beta. To determine whether the early stimulation of integrin expression is required for the subsequent expression of alkaline phosphatase activity, polyclonal as well as monoclonal antibodies directed against the alpha 5 and beta 1 integrin subunits were added to cultures at the same time as IL-1 beta. These antibodies inhibited by 55 to 82% the longer term induction of the osteoblastic differentiation marker, alkaline phosphatase activity, but did not however affect the IL-1 beta-induced stimulation of integrin expression or the inhibition of cell proliferation. In addition, at the concentrations used, there was no effect of the antibodies on cell attachment. These data suggest that the stimulation of integrin expression by IL-1 beta, and the resulting enhanced integrin-extracellular matrix interactions, is a required intermediate event in the IL-1 beta regulation of osteoblastic cell differentiation. The data also suggest that the integrins are capable of signal transduction resulting in altered gene expression, and may also play a crucial role in modulating cytokine-mediated effects on cell differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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