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Electrophoresis. 2017 Feb;38(3-4):486-493. doi: 10.1002/elps.201600367. Epub 2016 Dec 15.

Screening of tyrosinase inhibitors by capillary electrophoresis with immobilized enzyme microreactor and molecular docking.

Cheng M1,2, Chen Z1,2.

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Key Laboratory of Combinatorial Biosynthesis and Drug Discovery, Ministry of Education and Wuhan University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wuhan, P. R., China.
State Key Laboratory of Transducer Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P. R., China.


A new method for screening tyrosinase inhibitors from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) was successfully developed by capillary electrophoresis with reliable online immobilized enzyme microreactor (IMER). In addition, molecular docking study has been used for supporting inhibition interaction between enzyme and inhibitors. The IMER of tyrosinase was constructed at the outlet of the capillary by using glutaraldehyde as cross-linker. The parameters including enzyme reaction, separation of the substrate and product, and the performance of immobilized tyrosinase were investigated systematically. Because of using short-end injection procedure, the product and substrate were effectively separated within 2 min. The immobilized tyrosinase could remain 80% active for 30 days at 4°C. The Michaelis-Menten constant of tyrosinase was determined as 1.78 mM. Kojic acid, a known tyrosinase inhibitor, was used as a model compound for the validation of the inhibitors screening method. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration of kojic acid was 5.55 μM. The method was successfully applied for screening tyrosinase inhibitors from 15 compounds of TCM. Four compounds including quercetin, kaempferol, bavachinin, and bakuchiol were found having inhibitory potentials. The results obtained in this work were supported by molecular docking study.


Capillary electrophoresis; Immobilized enzyme microreactor; Inhibitors screening; Molecular docking study; Tyrosinase

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