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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2016 Dec 12;55(50):15486-15502. doi: 10.1002/anie.201604615. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

Sulfur and Its Role In Modern Materials Science.

Author information

1
Optical Sciences Division, US Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Dr., SW, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

Although well-known and studied for centuries, sulfur continues to be at the center of an extensive array of scientific research topics. As one of the most abundant elements in the Universe, a major by-product of oil refinery processes, and as a common reaction site within biological systems, research involving sulfur is both broad in scope and incredibly important to our daily lives. Indeed, there has been renewed interest in sulfur-based reactions in just the past ten years. Sulfur research spans the spectrum of topics within the physical sciences including research on improving energy efficiency, environmentally friendly uses for oil refinery waste products, development of polymers with unique optical and mechanical properties, and materials produced for biological applications. This Review focuses on some of the latest exciting ways in which sulfur and sulfur-based reactions are being utilized to produce materials for application in energy, environmental, and other practical areas.

KEYWORDS:

inverse vulcanization; lithium-sulfur batteries; sodium-sulfur batteries; sulfur; thiol click chemistry

PMID:
27860133
DOI:
10.1002/anie.201604615

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