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J Mycol Med. 2017 Mar;27(1):83-89. doi: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2016.10.004. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Antifungal activity of acetone extracts from Punica granatum L., Quercus suber L. and Vicia faba L.

Author information

1
Applied Microbiological and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, University of Jijel, BP 98 Ouled Aissa, Jijel 18000, Algeria. Electronic address: muorka00@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Human and animal mycoses become more frequent and more resistant to traditional treatments. In this work, we tested the in vitro antifungal activity of acetonic extracts of Punica granatum L., Quercus suber L. and Vicia faba L. against seven pathogen fungi and the in vivo antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The phytochemical screening was also carried out and showed that the extracts contained mainly proanthocyanidins. Other polyphenols were also present but in low quantity. The acetone extract of V. faba L. gave a good in vitro inhibition of yeasts and was the most active for treating candidiasis in mice. It decreased the percentage of mortality with only 20μg. But the in vivo antifungal activity of this extract on T. mentagrophytes was low. It only showed a small diminution of crusting and erythema after the administration of 100μg. On the contrary, the acetone extracts of P. granatum L. had a poor activity against yeasts and a better one against moulds. It gave the best in vivo antifungal activity against T. mentagrophytes by healing animals with 40μg. The extract of P. granatum L. gave also an interesting in vivo antifungal activity against T. mentagrophytes with an active dose of 80μg.

KEYWORDS:

Acetone extracts; Activité antifongique; Antifungal activity; Extraits acétoniques; Mycoses; Mycosis; Phytochemical screening; Plantes; Plants; Screening phytochimique

PMID:
27856170
DOI:
10.1016/j.mycmed.2016.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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