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Med Princ Pract. 2017;26(3):280-285. doi: 10.1159/000453526. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Evaluation of Sella Turcica Shape and Dimensions in Cleft Subjects Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography.

Author information

1
Department of Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess the morphology of the sella turcica and measure its size in cleft and noncleft subjects.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 54 individuals (29 males; 25 females) with cleft and 85 (22 males; 63 females) without cleft were used for this study. Syndromic patients with cleft(s) were not included because of possible additional endocrinological and/or morphological disorders. Linear measurements included length, depth, and diameter. The shape of the sella turcica was analyzed in the cleft and noncleft groups. An independent t test was conducted to evaluate differences between genders and groups. One-way ANOVA was used to compare age groups.

RESULTS:

The length (p < 0.001) of the sella turcica was smaller in noncleft subjects than in cleft subjects. Diameter (p = 0.014) and depth (p = 0.005) showed as constantly increasing from an age <15 to >25 years in the overall assessment. The distribution of the shape of the sella turcica differed significantly between groups (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, CBCT was used to assess the morphology of the sella turcica. A majority of the subjects with cleft had a flattened sella turcica compared to that of the control group. A shorter length of the sella turcica was more evident in the cleft subjects than in the control group.

KEYWORDS:

Cleft lip and palate; Cone-beam computed tomography; Morphology; Sella turcica

PMID:
27855395
PMCID:
PMC5588386
DOI:
10.1159/000453526
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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