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Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2017 Mar;40(3):375-380. doi: 10.1007/s00270-016-1507-y. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Efficacy and Safety of Prophylactic Uterine Artery Embolization in Pregnancy Termination with Placenta Previa.

Author information

1
Department of Interventional Therapy, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Anhui, People's Republic of China. mediprg@bjmu.edu.cn.
2
Department of Interventional Therapy, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Anhui, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To appraise the efficacy and safety of prophylactic uterine artery embolization in pregnancy termination with placenta previa.

METHODS:

A cohort of 54 consecutive patients with placenta previa underwent prophylactic uterine artery embolization before vaginal delivery from February 2012 to March 2015. Vaginal delivery was attempted in all patients. Cesarean section or hysterectomy was introduced when vaginal delivery failed.

RESULTS:

Vaginal delivery succeeded in 50 patients (93.6%) and failed in 4 patients (6.4%), thereupon converted to cesarean delivery. No patients resorted to hysterectomy. Six patients (11.1%) underwent blood transfusion. None of clinical characteristics, including maternal age, gestational age, history of abortion, history of cesarean delivery, and volume of vaginal bleeding, was significantly associated with complete placenta previa (P > 0.05). However, patients with complete placenta previa had a significantly lower successful rate of vaginal delivery than did patients without complete placenta previa (81 vs 100%, P = 0.038). The rate of complications was 3.7%. No major complications were observed.

CONCLUSION:

Uterine artery embolization is an effective and safe technique to assist pregnancy termination with placenta previa, which may lower the risk of cesarean section, hysterectomy, and blood transfusion.

KEYWORDS:

Placenta previa; Pregnancy termination; Uterine artery embolization

PMID:
27853824
DOI:
10.1007/s00270-016-1507-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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