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Endocr Pract. 2017 Feb;23(2):170-174. doi: 10.4158/EP161545.OR. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

IN PATIENTS WITH SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM WHILE IN THERAPY WITH TABLET L-T4, THE LIQUID L-T4 FORMULATION IS MORE EFFECTIVE IN RESTORING EUTHYROIDISM.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Levothyroxine (L-T4) is the standard therapy of hypothyroidism. Our purpose was to compare the effectiveness of the L-T4 liquid formulation with respect to L-T4 tablet in hypothyroid patients without malabsorption or drug interference. Twenty-one subjects with high thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) values under therapy with L-T4 tablets were switched to liquid L-T4 at the same dosage given 30 minutes before breakfast.

RESULTS:

TSH values significantly declined 2 months after from the switch to liquid L-T4, reaching the normal range in most cases. In 15 (of the 21 patients) who switched back to tablets, TSH increased again to the hypothyroid range. Since the liquid L-T4 formulation resulted in better TSH level control, all patients were finally treated with the liquid L-T4, and TSH, free tri-iodothyronine and free thyroxine were evaluated again after 6 and 12 months, resulting in normal ranges in all subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

The change from tablets to liquid oral formulation normalized serum TSH levels, while switching back to tablets caused thyrotropin levels to worsen. These results suggest that the liquid L-T4 formulation is more effective than tablets in controlling TSH levels in hypothyroid patients in the absence of malabsorption, gastric disorders, or drug interference.

ABBREVIATIONS:

BMI = body mass index FT3 = free tri-iodothyronine FT4 = free thyroxine L-T4 = levothyroxine PPIs = proton-pump inhibitors TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.

PMID:
27849377
DOI:
10.4158/EP161545.OR
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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