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J Exp Ther Oncol. 2016 Nov;11(4):303-307.

Screening for oral cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajasthan Dental College and hospital, NH-8, Ajmer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rajasthan Dental College and hospital, NH-8, Ajmer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
3
Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Kudi haud, pali road, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Oral cancer is considered as a serious health problem resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Early detection and prevention play a key role in controlling the burden of oral cancer worldwide. The five-year survival rate of oral cancer still remains low and delayed diagnosis is considered as one of the major reasons. This increases the demand for oral screening. Currently, screening of oral cancer is largely based on visual examination. Various evidence strongly suggest the validity of visual inspection in reducing mortality in patients at risk for oral cancer. Simple visual examination is accompanied with adjunctive techniques for subjective interpretation of dysplastic changes. These include toluidine blue staining, brush biopsy, chemiluminescence and tissue autofluorescence. This review highlights the efficacy of various diagnostic methods in screening of oral cancer.

KEYWORDS:

diagnosis; examination; oral cancer; screening

PMID:
27849341
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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